Uveal tract is the vascular middle coat of the eye ball. Inflammation of the uveal tract is called uveitis. The cause of uveitis can be either infectious or non –infectious, the latter can be of autoimmune origin.
Depending upon the location, uveitis is divided into four types :
- Anterior Uveitis: Affects the anterior part of the eye and presents with redness, watering, photophobia.
- Intermediate uveitis: the middle part mainly vitreous cavity of the eye is affected.
- Posterior Uveitis : the posterior part of the eye mainly retina and choroid are affected.
- Panuveitis: the entire uveal tract is affected.
Each attack can be treated , depending upon the cause ,location and severity of the inflammation.The treatment offered here varies from topical drops , injections inside the eye or oral medications. At times , a depot steroid injection is used which causes slow release of drug into the eye .The drug usually lasts for several weeks and close monitoring of such patients is required with regular follow ups.
Uveitis with glaucoma, uveitis with vitreoretinal complications are handled in close cooperation with specialized Consultants in the respective fields.
The Institute is well equipped with modern machines, instruments and facilities fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, Indocyanin green angiography, ultrasonography, ultrasound biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography.
The Department has taken up many research projects in this section :
- A Phase 3 trial-Controlled ,Safety and Efficacy Study of s Fluocinolone Acetonide Intravitreal Insert in Subjects with Chronic Non-Infectious Uveitis Affecting the Posterior Segment of the Eye.
- PEACHTREE:A Phase 3 trial to Study the Safety and Efficacy of Triamcinolone Acetonide Injectable Suspension for the Treatment of Subjects with Macular Edema associated with Non-Infectious Uveitis.
- A Multicentre, Controlled ,Safety and Efficacy Study of s Fluocinolone Acetonide Intravitreal Insert in Subjects with Chronic Non-Infectious Uveitis Affecting the Posterior Segment of the Eye.